Taal Volcano is located about 60 km of Metro Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is a complex volcanic system composed of a small volcanic island (Volcano Island), which has been the site of almost all historic activity, located within a 20x30 km lake-filled complex caldera. (Taal Lake formerly called Lake Bonbon), one of the great volcano-tectonic depressions of the world.
TAAL VOLCANO: VOLCANO IN A LAKE AND THE CRATER LAKE
Tagaytay City rests on top of the Tagaytay Ridge which is about 640 m (2,100 ft) above sea level. It is the highest point in Batangas city. The ridge provides a spectacular view of Taal Lake and Taal Volcano in Batangas. Tagaytay city with its cool climate and clean air makes it the perfect place for leisure activities like picnics, horseback riding, camping and sightseeing. The place is also perfect for retreats and spiritual seminars.
Taal Volcano, notable to be the world's smallest volcano, rests on a serene lake. From Tagaytay, one can arrange a trip to the volcano island in the middle of Taal Lake via a boat ride but one must go down from the ridge by 7 to 10 miles to different resorts that offers the boat ride.
View from Tagaytay Picnic Grove
Taal Volcano is located about 60 km of Metro Manila, the capital of the Philippines. It is a complex volcanic system composed of a small volcanic island (Volcano Island), which has been the site of almost all historic activity, located within a 20x30 km lake-filled complex caldera. Taal Lake formerly called Lake Bonbon, one of the great volcano-tectonic depressions of the world.
Taal as the Decade Volcano for the Philippines has recorded thirty three eruptions since 1572, mostly on the Volcano Island. The impacts of these eruptions were largely confined to the intra-caldera area. Occasional violent activity, however, such as the 1754 plinian eruption, affected the entire region, including what is now the Metro Manila area with fallout. Some activity, such as the 1749 eruption, was accompanied by crustal disturbance and strong earthquakes, which generated ground fissures and pronounced subsidence that extended across Taal Lake.
The caldera has a long, but little known history of catastrophic explosive volcanism affecting much larger areas, including the Metro Manila area. The eruptions, one to two orders of magnitude larger and more devastating than those of Mount Pinatubo, have deposited massive ignimbrites, including the deposits of turbulent pyroclastic flows, and widespread tephra fall units in recent geologic time. Accompanying this volcanism has been extensive volcaniclastic sedimentation, dominated by deposition of hyper concentrated stream flows and lahars in low-lying sub-aerial and shallow marine environments.
A recent violent activity of Taal volcano, last month of July resulted into a massive fish-kills around the fish-pens in the lake. Tons and tons of dead fishes covered most part of the lake and it was attributed to the activities inside the volcano.
Top of Taal Volcano
Taal Volcano, in the Philippines, was originally a huge volcano, which towered 18,000 feet up into the sky. It has been called the smallest active volcano, because it seems small now, but many people never knew that it is one of the largest volcanoes in the world. Actually, Tagaytay Ridge is the rim of the volcano. When the volcano was 18,000 feet high, Tagaytay ridge would have been only about one-sixth of the way to the top of the volcano. In the distance, across the lake, is Mt. Makulot and a dead volcano. It is home to many species of birds and fish including the rare maliputo, which is a kind of fresh water mackerel that can be found in the waters around Volcano Island.
Close-up of the Crater Lake
Around twenty minute (each way) round trip boat journey to Taal Volcano and a thirty minute by hike going up the top of the volcano. If one takes a donkey ride going uphill will only take around more or less than ten minutes. On top of the crater is the main Crater Lake where it is said that tourist and locals can go down and take a dip, especially people suffering from skin diseases and arthritis or gout. It is no joke that one can dip fresh egg for less than five minutes for a hard-boiled egg in some streaming hot part. But now it is prohibited by the local government to go down the Crater Lake.
Crater Lake and Mt. Makulot at the back